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Army Combat Fitness Test Information and Resources
The Army Combat Fitness Test (ACFT) is the newly-developed fitness test that will replace the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT). The ACFT will consist of six events: 3-Repetition Maximum Deadlift (MDL), Standing Power Throw (SPT), Hand Release Push-up (HRP), Sprint-Drag-Carry (SDC), Leg Tuck (LTK), and 2-Mile Run (2MR). Scoring for the ACFT will be age and gender neutral. Standards for the ACFT correspond to each Soldier's respective MOS physical demand category - Moderate (Gold), Significant (Grey), or Heavy (Black), as well as unit requirements.
Information on this page was last updated on 14 October 2019.
The general timeline for ACFT implementation is as follows. For full information, refer to HQDA EXORD 219-18 (note: link accessible from .mil networks only).
Phase 1 - Initial Operational Capability (IOC): FY 19 (1 October 2018)
The ACFT was field tested at 63 battalion-sized units and one Army command headquarters. Data and lessons learned from the field tests directed adjustments to the standards and administration procedures leading to Phase 2.
Phase 2 - Full Operational Capability - Initial (FOC-Initial): FY 20 (1 October 2019)
The ACFT is currently being implemented Army-wide, with the legacy APFT continued for record test purposes. COMPO 1 (Regular Army) units will conduct the ACFT twice; COMPO 2 and 3 units (Army National Guard/Army Reserve) will conduct the ACFT once. During this time, the ACFT will also be incorporated into applicable regulations, publications, forms, records, and school courses.
Phase 3 - Full Operational Capability (FOC): FY 21 (1 October 2020)
The ACFT is adopted as the Army test of record. Policy regarding physical profiles and alternate events developed during the field tests will be published no later than 1 October 2020.
The latest public guidance released by CIMT has expanded upon the scoring guidance slightly.
Scoring Category Principles
- Based on requirements by unit and/or individual occupational physical demands
- Maintains occupational fitness requirements for close combat battalion and below units regardless of age or gender (Black & Grey categories)
A Note About Physical Demand Categories
The Army has not yet released clear guidance regarding whether all Soldiers will be scored based on their individual MOS physical demand category, or a unit-based physical demand standard (e.g., all members of an infantry battalion being held to the Black/Heavy standard). Per the official Army ACFT frequently asked questions, "field testing will allow the Army to determine whether to administer the test based on unit occupational physical demands or by a Soldier's military occupational specialty."
Physical demand categories for each MOS/AOC are established in PAM 611-21. It is worth noting that PAM 611-21 is a living document. Physical demands are established for each MOS/AOC based (theoretically) on the individual critical tasks associated with that MOS. Accordingly, these physical demand categories change as ICTLs are changed/updated or re-assessed. As we adopt these categories for the APFT, it is unclear how a Soldier will be scored if they enter their MOS under one physical demand category, but that category is later changed.
I have provided copies of the physical demand categories in the resources below (current as of the last update of this site); links to the authoritative PAM 611-21 are also provided.
The Army has announced an alternate ACFT for Soldiers on permanent physical profiles. The three mandatory ACFT events are the 3-rep maximum deadlift (MDL), the spring-drag-carry (SDC), and either the 2-mile run or an alternate aerobic event. The three alternate aerobic events will be the 15,000-meter bike, 5,000-meter row, and 1,000-meter swim. According to the latest guidance, these will be scored events, and not GO/NO-GO events like the current APFT alternate aerobic events. There are no exceptions to the modified ACFT testing sequence or protocol. Soldiers on a permanent profile must be cleared by the medical provider before taking the modified ACFT. For more information, see the official video announcing the alternate ACFT assessment. The alternate assessment, including the additional aerobic test events, do not apply to Soldiers with temporary profiles. Soldiers on temporary profiles are expected to recondition, retrain, and pass the full six-event ACFT.
The Army has not yet released score tables for the alternate aerobic events. However, Soldiers with permanent profiles must at a minimum achieve the GOLD level for the 3-Repetition Maximum Deadlift, the Sprint-Drag-Carry and the aerobic event. The 60%/GOLD level for each of the alternate aerobic events is 25 minutes.
Army Combat Fitness Test (ACFT) Resources
I have made an effort to identify the most current and authoritative resources concerning the ACFT. For your convenience, these resources are available below. Information regarding the ACFT is subject to change during the field testing period. Please contact me if you have received newer information through official channels.
- Army Combat Fitness Test Overview - 30 November 2018
- CALL Publication No. 18-37 - The Army Combat Fitness Test
- Army Combat Fitness Test Field Testing Manual, 6 September 2018
- Public Affairs Guidance for Army Combat Fitness Test, 5 July 2018
- FY20 ACFT Updated Standards - Updated standards for the FY20 phase 2 testing/familiarization; became effective 1 October 2019.
- FY20 ACFT Quick Reference Guide - Administrative changes to ACFT procedures for the IOC period, 1 OCT 2019 – 30 SEP 2020.
- FY20 ACFT Event Poster
- Local Form 705-ACFT, October 2018 - This is a fillable Army Combat Fitness Test Scorecard based on the Phase 1 IOC sample form.
- Enlisted Physical Demand Categories - By enlisted MOS, updated 1 October 2019. Source: PAM 611-21, Figure 10-2-1 (CAC required).
- Warrant Officer Physical Demand Categories - By warrant officer MOS, updated 6 June 2019. Source: PAM 611-21, Figure 8-4-1 (CAC required).
- Officer Physical Demand Categories - By officer AOC, updated 10 October 2019. Source: PAM 611-21, Table 3-1-1 (CAC required).
- Army Combat Fitness Test Videos - Videos demonstrating the proper test event performance standards as well as administration guidelines.
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